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TODAY IS WORLD OCEANS DAY: 7 Facts You Must Know About Our Ocean

In 2006, the UN General Assembly decided that June 8, 2009, would be recognized as "World Ocean Day". World Oceans Day is celebrated on June 8 every year to remind us of the importance of the ocean in our lives. On this day, the United Nations informs the people about the importance of the sea, the need for conservation of marine and marine life.

The United Nations website says they held a conference on nature and development in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992. Since then, “World Ocean Day” has been celebrated in many countries every year. The theme for this year's World Oceans Day is “Innovation for a Sustainable Ocean”. In other years, various events, meetings, processions, etc. are held on this day to raise awareness about the needs of the sea. Discussions are about polluting the sea with plastics, lowering the water level, deteriorating water quality, killing marine animals, etc.

The damage we are doing to our oceans and marine environment is no longer just of educational interests. It is affecting not just our resources but also affecting lives on water land and air. Global warming creates several problems like rising sea levels and health hazards Oceans help us in many ways and have significant importance in our lives. So, let us feel about how we can protect our oceans, rivers, and other water bodies around the world.

Here are 7 facts you have to know to protect our oceans and the marine ecosystem.

Researchers have established that more than 50% of the oxygen (O2) we inhale is produced by oceans. Simultaneously also absorb a major portion of the carbon dioxide (CO2) we generate.

The additional CO2 produce by humans’ activity is addition to global warming, affecting the entire animals and plants community in the oceans.

Oceans covered around 70 % of the world's surface and help to balance the earth's temperature. Heat transformation through ocean currents highly affected Earth’s climate.

The entire biosphere is controlled by the global hydrological cycle and the ocean is the most significant factor in this process. Evaporation of water from the ocean is the source of most precipitation occurring around the world. Temperature fluctuations in the ocean determine the climate and wind patterns that affect life on earth.

The entire ocean of the world is the home of 230,000 known species. Although, it is rough estimations because many parts of our ocean are still unexplored and the number of species exists in the ocean probably more than 2 million.

Oceans are not only the home of many lives but also the sources of many economic elements. Even, most of the trade and business around the world is conducted through sea routes. Therefore, it provides millions of jobs for people around the world.

Recently our oceans are under so many threats like huge plastic pollution, chemical waste, oil spill, industrial waste, etc. A study from World Oceans Day has revealed that Cigarette butts, Food wrappers, Plastic bottles, Bottle caps, plastic straws, and Plastic Bags are the top 6 items found on the sea beach.

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